Discrimination: Critical Race Theory


Racism and its dominant effect have been engrained in the fabrics and institutional systems of the American society for a long time to be considered as a tradition and partly a developed culture. It has been pervasive in the dominant cultures and power structures running down to individual beliefs and their daily practices. Marginalization of individuals based on race, gender, nationality, color and ethnicity has been perpetuated by the White privilege and their subsequent supremacy. Its roots run deep and are engraved in the law, legal traditions, and racial power as indicated through contemporary experiences and oppression of the racial minorities. Maintaining of racial power and white supremacy over time has had a profound effect on the African Americans in work relationships, access to public facilities, government job representation, and enforcement of law about profiling and consistent lack of inequality in areas that matter most. The greatest effects have been felt by the AAW both socially and economically being considered as objects of slavery and unfit to be represented in any active part of the society.

Facts of race and racial differences, since middle of 18th century have been under scientific investigation. This considered both physical structures and traits to social processes and existing relationships. More light has been in the history of race relationships, prejudice, traditional and customary adjustments. Despite legal protection for minorities through enactment of various laws addressing discriminatory practices, racism continues to pose a serious problem for the society. The government has been legally committed to equal opportunities for all regardless of the gender, race or color but the nation still continually reproduces patterns of racial inequalities. Racial minorities are largely underrepresented in positions of power and various decision-making. Racial dynamics have been historically un-accounted for in how White American remains significantly highly likely to have access to better jobs and promotions that the racial minorities and they are rewarded fairly for their efforts and contributions. Racial dynamics produce inequalities between people of color and the white creating glass ceilings, which are extremely hard to break, but evident affecting the minorities. The social justice and antipoverty field risks that are pursuing developed strategies to correct racial discrimination have been misguided, largely remain incomplete and inappropriate to the challenges faced by the minority. Integration of racial equity perspective into the already developed racial discrimination culture in the minds of the law enforcement officers remains difficult hence making it hard for providing social economic justice. The existing statistical evidence on race has indicated extremely persistent disparities between White Americans and the people of color, culture in standards family living, income in similar positions, quality and extent of education and general health of individuals. Even the correlation between well-being in America and race indicates powerful patterns of discrimination as in the figures below.

Many contours of opportunities for individuals are defined based on race and racism where even the structures of accessing the opportunities have been biased. Racism has been structured in that institutional practices, public policies cultural representations and workplace norms have always reinforced numerous ways to perpetuate racial group inequality. Dimension of history regarding racisms has been identified by “whiteness” where culture for attaining these White privileges has ensured presence of glass ceilings and disadvantages associated with color to be able to adapt and endure in various areas over time. Structural racism has been silenced by federal laws governing civil rights. However, regardless of how the laws have been structured, the white dominance still rules the ground level undertakings where the culture has well been cultivated and glass ceilings placed. Historical undertakings like slavery have been the major reason as to why racism has been difficult to eradicate in the structural systems of American society. The Whites still consider themselves as inferior and Black Americans as incompetent of competition and any status. This illustrates racism as a historical phenomenon in terms of slavery and segregation. It is important to note that any view undertaken by anyone will consider racism as a dynamic between the Africans and White and can be seen through a structural racism prism. Allocation of social privileges even in the law enforcement positions still needs a deeper analysis by the government to be able to stop discrimination. AAW have been completely pushed to the lower end of the privilege scale, which is entirely characterized by social and economical disadvantages including political isolation. This privilege scale based on racial discrimination has been associated with blackness of color and reinforced the need for AAW to occupy the lower part of the scale. Racism gives an understanding and a clear perspective of what encompasses the top section of the privilege scale. These include access to opportunities and promotions, better benefits and resultant power associated with white culture. Complete subordination of AAW was because they needed to find a better place in the society where they views and concerns could be taken care of. The rise in civil right movements have help reduce discrimination extended towards the AAW providing the chance to advance in various law enforcement jobs regardless of the structured racism.

Racial discrimination and most adverse forms of discriminations of the AAW have centered on the White privilege. The white race historical and even contemporary advantage in all forms of the principal opportunity domains like employment, political representation, education, media influence and health care have always been opposite of what the black Americans have received and made to receive. It is significant on how the white race has dominated these domains and the addition of every activity undertaken in this social domain illustrates how there has been a sustained racial difference in power, wealth and well-being. At certain times in history of America, socioeconomic factors produced abundant opportunities, which heavily resulted to accumulation of wealth. However, this were entirely prohibited for the black Americans and considered for white Americans and furthermore, they were positioned in a way that they can take the advantage of them and systematically rule out the black on the basis of color.

Examination of racial discrimination setup clearly indicates that AAW have had difficulties in undertaking their duties and being accepted in law enforcement jobs due to various factors, which have been perpetuated and forced to exist by the white race. Policies have been established over a period to lock them out based on color making it hard for them to advance. The feminist theory indicates the same effect regarding equality and perception of black women in American society.

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